Char ("Röding") Overview

Char - Salvelinus umbla/alpinus

The char is a natural species in Sweden. It was left when the ice pulled back, and is now widespread primarily in Sweden's northern and upland parts. It thrives best in cool, crystal clear lakes and rivers where it has minimal competition for food. Charles is very sensitive to climate change because it needs cool water. It is said that char is a istidsrelikt, that is a relic of a bygone time and colder. Consequently, like char cold water, and is the sötvattenart located at the north, and at the top of the waters beneath the glaciers.

Charles is a very beautiful fish, even though it exists in different forms, the most famous for its red belly and white fenkanter. The color scheme may change, however, there is always the white fenkanterna.
Science has over the years been discussing whether it is a rödingart, or if there are more, or if there are so-called related sibling species. The trout stocks found in Swedish waters can distinguish appearance and size to a lot of different lakes. It is partly due to different living conditions, partly because the populations have been separated for thousands of years. The scientific name of our original Swedish char is now Salvelinus alpinus, which basically means (from German), a trout that live in the mountains.


In the more southern parts of Sweden, there are trout in deep large lakes, for example. Vättern and Sommen, but there are also a number of other and smaller lakes with residual stocks down in Bohuslän, Värmland and Östergötland. Sorry, there are also a number of lakes that recently in modern times lost its trout stocks. The reason is as eutrophication or acidification, or competing species such as whitefish and vendace ineptly has been introduced. But by eutrophication and overgrowth also predatory fish such as pike increased. For heavy fishing pressure has also been damaged. It can be easily understood if one considers that trout live in cold and nutrient-poor water, and then have a slow growth. Although char as an adult is an efficient predator that hunts and taking large prey, it is the first few years dependent on zooplankton and tiny prey. Is there whitefish and vendace compete easily out char kids, although adults char happily chasing whitefish and vendace.

Charles is a very important fish in Sweden, it has been and Sami important food fish. The spread is in places where conditions are good, remains good. But in general, so go back char.
In Norway are among other migratory sea trout stock, just as trout.

Size and growth

The Swedish record is 10.8 kg. In the Swedish mountains it is unusual for trout above 4 kg. The really big specimens are usually found in the large deep lakes where födotillgångarna are good.
Charles playing in the fall. Then the males redder and stronger. Rödinglek can be seen in Vättern in the port of Huskvarna in the fall. Lekfiskarna seen as very beach, a fantastic spectacle, but where the fish absolutely must not be disturbed or fished.

Record size

The Swedish record is 10.8 kg, and nearly 90 cm. In the Swedish mountains it is unusual for trout above 4 kg. The really big specimens are usually found in the large deep lakes where födotillgångarna are good.

Fishing tips

Charles has been known to be difficult to catch. It can be really fussy about food, many fly fishermen have worn their hair in despair over how the char constantly avoided the fly, even though it is identical with the real and perfectly placed. A tip if you want to cheat the char is to be patient. Most often, the so-called foraging by circulating the water, and often in shoals. Dots to bustle can have a very good fishing. If you miss bustle, you can wait until it comes back again. Charles caught using various methods such as fly fishing and spin. A new method that has become popular for trout fishing is vertical. A handful of Swedish fish farms breeding trout for stocking in angling waters. There has also been a refinement of char, to cultivate edible fish. While these work well as sport fish if they are released into the fishing waters.

Most efficient fishing methods

Information below is based upon thousands of real catch reports from the past two years.
  1. Pimpel - maggot
  2. Pimpel - Manmade / Powerbait / Gulp
  1. Pimpel - maggot
  1. Angling - Shrimp

Char, Avg. Weight (gr) Sollefteå FVO (Sjöfisket samt Ångermanälven i och nedströms Sollefteå)

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